Discover how to plant flowers that thrive in dry conditions; xeriscaping plants. Not all beautiful flowers need as much water. Learn more from Miracle-Gro.
Know Your Soil
Plant Ornamental Grasses
Plant Flowers that Thrive in Dry Spells
Perfect Your Watering Skills
Stretch Your Water Resources
Your soil can be your friend or foe when it comes to dealing with dry conditions. Good soil provides the right balance of water, nutrients and air to plant roots and is the foundation of successful gardening. Soils in different regions have different mixtures of sand, silt and clay and support a different group of plants. So amend your soil with a nutrient-rich soil like Miracle-Gro® Moisture Control® Garden Soil which is specially formulated to hold up to 25% more water than native soil, to make it optimal for the plants that thrive in your region.
Many ornamental grasses are ideal for dry gardens; most are adapted to growing in tough environments. They make great accents in the garden and even better, they can provide food for birds. Try switchgrass, which makes a thick stand that reaches 150 cm (5 ft) tall and displays tiny purple flowers on the stems. Little bluestem grows about 120 cm (4 ft) tall and turns gold in the fall. Prairie dropseed forms a round shape and loves the sunniest part of your garden.
Some flowers have also adapted to wide extremes in temperature and moisture. Use drought-tolerant flowers that will be at home in your specific area. A few popular choices are purple coneflowers, black-eyed Susan and sedum. Also include native plants in your garden. They can handle your local growing conditions best. Check with your local garden center for more information about flowers and plants native to your region.
When watering your flowers, try to avoid sprinklers, as they tend to encourage water waste through evaporation. Instead, water by hand or use more accurate drip irrigation or a Soaker Hose. Water early in the morning or early evening to cut down on water loss by evaporation throughout the day.
As much as these plants can withstand considerable droughts, that doesn't mean they can go without water altogether. Mulching your garden with a 7.5 cm (3") layer of high-quality mulch, like Scotts® Nature Scapes® Advanced, will help retain soil moisture and prevent weeds by blocking growth and access to sunlight, too. Install rain barrels to recycle your rainwater for use in your garden later (see our article on "Harvesting Rainwater" and learn how to make your own rain barrel). Or, use a moisture meter to determine when your garden needs a drink. For more information, read our article "Protect Your Garden from Drought."